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seafood encyclopedia

Salmon: Atlantic


  • Scientific Name: Salmo salar
  • US Market Name(s): Atlantic Salmon
  • Canada Market Name(s): Salmon, Atlantic Salmon

Culinary Profile

Atlantic Salmon flesh has a moderate to high oil content - ranges in colour from pale to bright orange and offers a mild flavour.


Atlantic Salmon is the only salmon species that is native to the Atlantic Ocean. Similar to Pacific Salmon - Atlantic Salmon are anadromous fish that live in the ocean until they reach an age of 2 -7 years - at which time they return to freshwater rivers to spawn. In the ocean - Atlantic Salmon are a silvery-blue colour with black spots above their lateral line, though their caudal fin is unspotted. During spawning - male Atlantic Salmon take on a green or red colouration. Atlantic Salmon grow to be between 8 - 12 pounds.


Wild Atlantic Salmon stocks were at one time abundant. In North America - they range from New England to Ungava Bay in Northern Quebec. In Europe - they range from Portugal to the White Sea in Northern Russia. Today, wild stocks are considered over fished and commercial fishing is prohibited. Atlantic Salmon are the most important farmed Salmon species and most sold in North America come from aquaculture.

Fishing Season

Sustainability Status

Wild Atlantic Salmon populations are overfished and commercial fishing is now prohibited. Salmon farming in open net pens have considerable environmental concerns - closed systems are considered more environmentally friendly. Atlantic Salmon aquaculture in the United States meets high environmental standards.

Fishy Fact: The Latin name for Atlantic Salmon - “Salmo Salar” - means “leaping salmon”.


Available as Value Added, Commodity, Custom Packing.